Category Archives: World

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Yesterday, Obama called Modi and thanked him- Know why.


Outgoing US President Barack Obama telephoned Prime Minister Narendra Modi to thank him for his partnership that enhanced the relations between India and America, the White House has said.

Obama spoke on the phone with Modi on Wednesday to thank him for “his partnership” and to review joint efforts of cooperation including defence, civil-nuclear energy, and enhanced people-to-people ties, a readout of the telephonic conversation between the two leaders said.

“Recalling his visit as the chief guest at India’s Republic Day celebrations in 2015, President Obama wished the Prime Minister warm congratulations ahead of India’s upcoming 68th Republic Day anniversary,” the White House said.

“Both leaders discussed the progress they have made on shared economic and security priorities, including recognition of India as a major defense partner of the United States and addressing the global challenge of climate change,” it said.

Obama was one of the first leaders to congratulate Modi after his electoral victory in May 2014 and immediately invited him to visit the White House.

The two leaders met at the White House in September 2014. Since then they have met each other for eight times. This is a record for leaders between India and America.

According to Assistant Secretary of State for South and central Asia Nisha Desai Biswal, the two leaders share a very warm relationship.

“They have a great deal of personal camaraderie. But they also have a great deal of respect for each other for the leadership and the values and the integrity of each other’s approach,” Biswal told PTI in a recent interview.

“You have seen from President Obama that appreciation of Prime Minister Modi in words that he has used to describe him including in that Time magazine profile of the Prime Minister. You have seen that Prime Minister Modi’s appreciation of President Obama, of his values, his leadership style which the Prime Minister has used to describe the President,” she said.

She said that it is not a relationship that just came about that day when President called Prime Minister-elect Modi to congratulate him.

“The seeds of this relationship were actually sown many many decades earlier,” Biswal had said.


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This man pretended to be Pakistani Minister for 6 years, and whole nation believed.


Every morning as we wake up, the world turns slightly more bizarre than the one we left last night. Just when you think you’ve seen everything, in comes a news that will blow the roof off your head.

In today’s bizarre news, a man named Salamat Ali Chauhan has been arrested after posing as Pakistan’s Minister of Financial and Consumer Affairs for 6 years. That’s 6 years of pretending to be a minister.

How hard is it to ask someone “who’s that guy”?

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Salamat Ali Chauhan, apparently the smartest man in Pakistan.

To be fair to the Pakistani government, Salaman Ali Chauhan was really REALLY good at his con. He mingled up with the ministers before the Nawaz Sharif government was set to take over the ministry and even managed to fool the PM himself.

Interestingly, he had been writing letters to the PM and other ministers to cooperate with him in eradicating the country’s unemployment. Tbh, that seems like more work than actual ministers do. But the most interesting part is that Salamat Ali Chauhan had once written to the District Coordination Officer (DCO) to provide him with security, as he was a minister, and the DCO referred his request to the police.

The Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) of Pakistan revealed that Mr. Chauhan also requested for office space and staff in Chamba House Lahore so he could legitimize pretending to be a minister.

Wikimedia
Wikimedia

Throughout his communication with fellow ministers using a fake identity, no one bothered to verify his credentials in the last 6 years.

In what seems to be an anti-climax, Salamat Ali Chauhan has been arrested by the FIA and moved to an undisclosed location for further investigation.


Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif thinking hard on how to stop this news from spreading.

Something tells us the current Pakistani government will remember the name Salamat Ali Chauhan for years to come.


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Aatif Aslam stopped his concert mid way to save a girl being eve teased in the crowd.


One of the biggest markers of a progressive society is the way it treats its women. Molestation, domestic violence, honour killings are still rampant. The Bengaluru mass molestation incident is still fresh in public memory and so is David Guetta’s cancelled concert and the inability of the authorities to safeguard women. Amidst the disheartening atmosphere, singer Atif Aslam took a stand against eve-teasing, setting a clear example for all the other men out there.

Performing at a concert at DHA Sports Club in Karachi, the singer spotted a young girl in the audience who was being eve-teased by a group of men, standing next to her in the crowd. Signaling the other artists to stop the music, Aslam paused the concert and called out to the group of men who were misbehaving.

Tumne kabhi ladki nahi dekhi hai? Tumhari maa behen bhi ho sakti hai yahan par.” [Haven’t you seen a girl before? It could have been your mother or sister here.”]

He instructed his team to rescue the girl and together they pulled her onto the stage and immediately escorted her backstage.

Eve-teasing or any kind of assault should never be acceptable, no matter the time, place and circumstance. It is time all of us start reacting, and raise our voice if and whenever we witness eve-teasing.


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upt

OMG- Hillary Clinton destroyed by this senator in this Video- A must watch expose.


Senator Tom Cotton (R-AR) appeared on Fox and Friends earlier today and gave his impressions of the investigation of the Clinton Foundation and the Clintons.

It couldn’t get much worse for Hillary and Bill than this! They are in deep water now!

Senator Cotton had this to say:

The more we learn about the Clinton Foundation’s operations, whether it’s from the book Clinton Cash, or Bret Baier’s reporting or The Wall Street Journal‘s reporting, the more it becomes clearer that the Clinton Foundation may be the world’s largest money laundering and influence-peddling operation. In fact, with two investigations swirling around Hillary Clinton both the email investigation and the Clinton Foundation investigation, I think it may become clear that those are really the same controversy. One reason why Hillary Clinton probably went and set up a private email server was so she could advance her pay-for-play agenda at the State Department with Clinton Foundation donors giving perks and benefits to dictators and shady oligarchs all around the world.

 

The Clintons are freaking out as the pressure is only increasing the closer we get to election day. More and more people are realizing what they truly are, the most repugnant and corrupt crime family to ever exist in American Politics.

The Clintons manipulate their power for personal gain and exploit political favors to line their own pockets.

They don’t care about the working class people, they don’t care about the middle class, they only care about what people can do for them.

Hillary Clinton is trying to take over our country so she can run it into the ground to benefit herself.

Donald Trump wants to clean up the swamp that Hillary and her cronies have made and that’s why we need to stop Hillary right now.

Share this everywhere to show the real Clintons!


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27-lakh

“All of you who are into drugs, you sons of bitches, I will really kill you,”: Pictures telling horrific story of deaths.


Manila: Since Duterte took office in late June, more than 6,000 people have been killed in his campaign to purge the Philippines of illegal drugs and those associated with them, according to reliable estimates by local media. The ­victims—­suspected users and ­pushers—do not enjoy due process, and they are always killed at night, sometimes inside their own homes. The perpetrators are vigilantes, hired guns and likely cops too.

Duterte made no secret that this would happen. “All of you who are into drugs, you sons of bitches, I will really kill you,” he said last April, a month before he was elected. It wasn’t just campaign bluster. For 22 years Duterte had served as mayor of the southern city of Davao, where he took a pathological approach to restoring order to the city’s streets. Under his leadership, the extrajudicial killings of suspected criminals and drug users in Davao by vigilantes was practically state policy. In December, speaking to a group of business­people, Duterte admitted to personally killing a few himself while he was mayor. The reaction of the international community has been one of outrage and reproach: Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein, the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, said on Dec. 20 that Duterte should be investigated for murder.

Duterte’s fiercest critic is Senator Leila de Lima, a former Secretary of Justice who has attempted to wage a war in the legislature against a strongman President who she says is actually “rather meek.” Duterte and his allies have struck back, and de Lima fears impeachment, arrest or worse. But, she says, “Will I stop fighting? Over my dead body.” —Nash Jenkins/Manila

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The victim of a summary execution found on a roadside in the Navotas area of Manila on Nov. 30
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A police forensic team investigates a crime scene in Navotas on Nov. 30
Family members grieve for Ronnie Arroyo in Quezon City on Dec. 6. Arroyo, 36, was a drug user killed in an abandoned house by police who claimed he fired first
Family members grieve for Ronnie Arroyo in Quezon City on Dec. 6. Arroyo, 36, was a drug user killed in an abandoned house by police who claimed he fired first
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An unidentified victim in the port area of Manila on Nov. 26
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Residents of Payatas look at the scene of a killing as a police forensic team investigates on Dec. 1
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The body of Melanie Abata under a bridge in Caloocan on Nov. 29
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Aviel, the one-year-old son of Christian Nufable, 34, sleeps at his father’s wake on Nov. 26. Nufable left behind a wife, Melanie, and another son, eight-year-old Alex
Most inmates in the overcrowded jail of Las Piñas are either convicted or accused of drug offenses
Most inmates in the overcrowded jail of Las Piñas are either convicted or accused of drug offenses
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A man reaches to the women’s cell to hold his wife’s hand at the Malate jail on Dec. 10
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An overcrowded cell at the Malate jail on Dec. 10
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Residents of Payatas look at the scene of a killing on Nov. 30
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Jocelyn De La Cruz, the pregnant wife of a victim, in Navotas on Nov. 28
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The funeral procession for Alex Hongco, 31, in Pasig on Dec. 4. He left behind a wife and six children
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The scene of a killing under a bridge in Manila on Dec. 6
The coffins of Domingo Mañosca and son Francis, 5, on Dec. 14. Both were killed by shots fired through the plywood window of their tiny Manila home. Elisabeth Navarro, nine months pregnant, survived with Erika, 1, and a second girl
The coffins of Domingo Mañosca and son Francis, 5, on Dec. 14. Both were killed by shots fired through the plywood window of their tiny Manila home. Elisabeth Navarro, nine months pregnant, survived with Erika, 1, and a second girl

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daily-o

Terrorists killed 11 of Israel’s players in 1972 Munich Olympics, Check the implacable revenge of Israel.


Operation Wrath of God (Hebrew: מבצע זעם האל, Mivtza Za’am Ha’el),[2] also called Operation Bayonet,[3] was a covert operation directed by Israel and its security agency, Mossad, to assassinate individuals alleged to have been directly or indirectly involved in the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics.

daily-o

Their targets included members of the Palestinian militant group Black September, who were responsible for the Munich attack, and members of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) accused of involvement.[4] Authorized to begin by Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir in the autumn of 1972, the operation may have continued for more than 20 years.[5]

During this time, covert Israeli assassination units killed dozens of Palestinians and Arabs across Europe, including the mistaken murder of an innocent waiter in Lillehammer, Norway. An additional military assault was launched by Israeli commandos deep inside Lebanon to kill several high-profile Palestinian targets. This string of assassinations spurred retaliatory attacks by Black September against a variety of Israeli government targets around the world. It has also prompted criticism of Israel for its choice of targets, tactic of assassination, and overall effectiveness. Because of the secretive nature of the operation, some details are unverifiable beyond a single source.

The operation was depicted in the television film Sword of Gideon (1986), and later in Steven Spielberg’s Munich (2005). Spielberg’s film attempted to depict the moral ambiguity and complexity of the Israeli position.

For many, the Munich massacre, Israel’s retaliation, and Palestinian counter-retaliation epitomized the seemingly never-ending cycle of violence in the Arab-Israeli conflict that continues in different forms today.

Background and planning

The massacre of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September moved Israel to consider measures to deter future similar actions. Soon after the incident, Prime Minister Golda Meir created Committee X, a small group of government officials tasked with formulating an Israeli response, with herself and Defense Minister Moshe Dayan at the head. She also appointed General Aharon Yariv as her Adviser on Counterterrorism; he, along with Mossad Director Zvi Zamir, took the principal role in directing the ensuing operation. The committee came to the conclusion that to deter future terrorist incidents against Israel they needed to assassinate those who had supported or carried out the Munich massacre, and in dramatic fashion. Pressured by Israeli public opinion and top intelligence officials, Meir reluctantly authorized the beginning of the broad assassination campaign.[6] Yet when the three surviving perpetrators of the massacre were released just months later by West Germany in compliance with the demands of the hijackers of a Lufthansa aircraft, any remaining ambivalence she felt was removed.[7] The suddenness of West Germany’s capitulation to the demands has since aroused suspicion as to whether the entire hijacking was simply a show to allow the nation to rid itself of the possibility of future retaliation.[8] The committee’s first task for Israeli intelligence was to draw up an assassination list of all those involved in Munich. This was accomplished with the aid of PLO operatives working for the Mossad, and with information provided by friendly European intelligence agencies.[9] While the contents of the entire list are unknown, reports put the final number of targets at 20–35, a mix of Black September and PLO elements. Reeve states that intelligence sources put the number at 20 [10], while Ostrovsky puts it at 35[11] Once this was complete, the Mossad was charged with locating the individuals and assassinating them.

Critical in the planning was the idea of plausible deniability–that it should be impossible to prove a direct connection between the assassinations and Israel.[12] In addition, the operations were intended to strike a more general fear into Palestinian militants. According to David Kimche, former deputy head of Mossad, “The aim was not so much revenge but mainly to make them [the militant Palestinians] frightened. We wanted to make them look over their shoulders and feel that we are upon them. And therefore we tried not to do things by just shooting a guy in the street – that’s easy … fairly.”[13]

Organization

Several descriptions have emerged about the groups formed by Mossad who carried out the assassination campaign. It is possible that different groups were formed for different objectives, and existed at different or overlapping periods of time, which may account for the variety of reports. Certainty exists solely about the assassinations that actually took place, while further information is based on limited sources as would be typical in such covert operations.

It is also known that Mossad agent Michael Harari led the creation and direction of the teams,[14] although some may not have always been under government responsibility. Author Simon Reeve explains that the Mossad team consisted of:

…fifteen people divided into five squads: ‘Aleph,” two trained killers; “Bet,” two guards who would shadow the Alephs; “Heth,” two agents who would establish cover for the rest of the team by renting hotel rooms, apartments, cars, and so on; “Ayin,” comprising between six and eight agents who formed the backbone of the operation, shadowing targets and establishing an escape route for the Aleph and Bet squads; and “Qoph,” two agents specializing in communications. [squad names are letters of the Hebrew alphabet][15]

This is similar to former Mossad katsa Victor Ostrovsky’s description of the Mossad’s own assassination teams, the Kidon. In fact, Ostrovsky says in his book that it was Kidon units that performed the assassinations.[16]

Another report by author Aaron Klein says that these teams were actually part of a unit called “Caesarea,” which would be renamed and reorganized into “Kidon” in the mid-1970s.[17] Harari eventually commanded three Caesarea teams of around 12 members each. They were each further divided into logistics, surveillance, and assassination squads.[18]

One of the covert teams was revealed in the aftermath of the Lillehammer affair (see Ali Hassan Salameh section below), when six members of the Mossad assassination team were arrested by Norwegian authorities. Harari escaped to Israel, and it is possible that others were able to evade capture with him. An article in TIME magazine immediately after the killing put the total number of Mossad personnel at 15,[19] which would be in keeping with other accounts.

A much different account comes from Yuval Aviv in the book Vengeance, where he states that the Mossad set up a five-man unit of trained intelligence personnel which he led in Europe. Aviv also says that the team operated outside of direct government control, and that its only communications were with Harari.[12]

Operations

1972

The first kill occurred on October 16 1972, when Palestinian Abdel Wael Zwaiter was shot 12 times in his apartment building in Rome. Two Israeli agents had been waiting for him to return from dinner, and after the shooting they were spirited away to a safe house. At the time Zwaiter was the PLO representative in Italy, and while Israel privately claimed he was a member of Black September and was involved in a failed plot against an El Al airliner, members of the PLO have argued that he was in no way connected. Abu Iyad, deputy-chief of the PLO, has stated that Zwaiter was “energetically” against terrorism.[20]

The second target of the Mossad was Dr. Mahmoud Hamshari, who was the PLO representative in France. Using an agent posing as a journalist, the Mossad lured him from his apartment in Paris to allow a team to enter and install a bomb underneath a desk telephone. On December 8, 1972, the “journalist” called Hamshari, who received the telephone call to his apartment, and once it was confirmed that he had picked up the phone a signal was sent through the telephone to detonate the bomb. Hamshari was not immediately killed by the blast, but died within a month from the injuries. Israel chose him as a target because it was believed that he was the leader of Black September in France.[21]

1973

On the night of January 24 1973, Hussein Al Bashir (Jordanian) (Hussein Abad Al Chir), the Fatah representative in Cyprus, turned off the lights in his Olympic Hotel room in Nicosia. Moments later, a bomb planted under his bed by the Mossad was remotely detonated, killing him and destroying the room. Israel believed him to be the head of Black September in Cyprus, though another reason for his assassination may have been for his close ties with the KGB.[22]

The assassins returned to Paris on April 6, 1973, when Dr. Basil al-Kubaissi, a law professor at the American University of Beirut suspected by Israel of providing arms logistics for Black September as well as involvement in other Palestinian plots,[23] was gunned down while returning home from dinner. Like previous assassinations, he was shot around 12 times by two Israeli agents.

Several of the targets on the Mossad’s list lived in heavily guarded houses in Lebanon that were beyond the reach of previous assassination methods. In order to assassinate them, Operation Spring of Youth was launched as a sub-operation of the larger Wrath of God campaign. During the night of April 9, 1973, Sayeret Matkal commandos and other Israeli support teams, including future Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, launched multiple raids into Beirut and Sidon. There, they succeeded in assassinating a number of high-level PLO officials, including Muhammad Youssef al-Najjar (Abu Youssef), Kamal Adwan, a Fatah veteran, and Kamal Nasser, PLO spokesman. Rami Adwan, who is the son of Kamal Adwan, was in the apartment when his father was killed, and has said that his father was not at all involved in Munich, but did organize resistance against the Israeli military occupation of the West Bank. “So the Munich attack,” Rami says, “was a godsend opportunity for the Israelis to actually kill people.”[24][25]

Three assassinations quickly followed the Lebanon operation. Zaiad Muchasi, the replacement for Hussein Al Bashir in Cyprus, was blown up in his Athens hotel room on April 11. Two minor Black September members, Abdel Hamid Shibi and Abdel Hadi Nakaa, were injured in their car in Rome.[26]

Israel also began to follow Mohammad Boudia, an Algerian-born director of operations for Black September in France known for his disguises and womanizing. On June 28, 1973, Boudia was assassinated in Paris by a “pressure activated ‘land mine’, packed with heavy nuts and bolts,” and placed under his car seat by the Mossad.[27]

Ali Hassan Salameh

The Mossad continued to search for Ali Hassan Salameh, nicknamed the “Red Prince,” who was the head of Force 17 and the Black September operative believed by Israel to be the mastermind behind the Munich massacre. This belief has since been challenged by accounts of senior Black September officials, who say that while he was involved in many attacks in Europe, Salameh was not at all connected with the events in Munich.[28]

Ali Hassan Salameh (above), considered by Israel the mastermind of Munich, was assassinated in 1979.

Almost a full year after Munich, the Mossad believed they had finally located Salameh in the small Norwegian town Lillehammer. On July 21, 1973, in what would become known as the Lillehammer affair, a team of Mossad agents killed Ahmed Bouchiki, a Moroccan waiter unrelated to the Munich attack and Black September, after an informant mistakenly identified Bouchiki as Salameh. Six Mossad agents, including two women, were captured by the Norwegian authorities, while others, including the leader Mike Harari, managed to escape back to Israel. Five of the captured were convicted of the killing and imprisoned, but were released and returned to Israel in 1975. Victor Ostrovsky claims that Salameh was instrumental in leading the Mossad off course by giving the Mossad false information about his whereabouts.[29]

In the aftermath of the affair, international outrage over the mistaken murder forced Golda Meir to order the suspension of Operation Wrath of God.[30] The ensuing Norwegian investigation and revelations by the captured agents compromised Mossad assets across Europe, including safe houses, agents, and operational methods.[31] Yet five years later it was decided to recommence the operation under new Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and find those on the list still at large.[32]

The Mossad began surveillance of Salameh’s movements after tracking him to Beirut during late fall of 1978. In late 1978 or early 1979 a Mossad agent identifying herself as Erika Mary Chambers entered Lebanon with a British passport issued in 1975, and rented an apartment on the Rue Verdun, a street frequently used by Salameh. Several other agents arrived, including two using the pseudonyms Peter Scriver and Roland Kolberg, traveling with British and Canadian passports respectively. Some time after their arrival a Volkswagen packed with plastic explosives was parked along Rue Verdun within view of the rented apartment. At 3:35 p.m. on January 22, 1979, as Salameh and four bodyguards drove down the street in a Chevrolet station wagon, the explosives in the Volkswagen were detonated from the apartment with a radio device, killing everyone in the vehicle. After five unsuccessful attempts the Mossad had assassinated Salameh. However, the blast also killed four innocent bystanders, including an English student and a German nun, and injured 18 other people in the vicinity. Immediately following the operation the three Mossad officers fled without trace, as well as up to 14 other agents believed to have been involved in the operation.

Munich hostage-takers

Three of the eight militants that carried out the Munich massacre survived the German rescue attempt at Fürstenfeldbruck airbase on the final night of the hostage crisis and were taken into German custody: Jamal Al-Gashey, Adnan Al-Gashey, and Mohammed Safady. They were released several weeks later after hijackers of a Lufthansa airliner demanded their release from the German government.

It had been thought that Adnan Al-Gashey and Mohammed Safady were both assassinated several years after the massacre; Al-Gashey was found after making contact with a cousin in a Gulf State, and Safady was found by remaining in touch with family in Lebanon.[33] This account was challenged by a recent book by Aaron Klein, who claims that Adnan died of heart failure in the 1970s and that Safady was either killed by Christian Phalangists in Lebanon in the early 1980s or, according to a PLO operative friendly with Safady, is still living today.[34] Jamal Al-Gashey went into hiding in North Africa; he granted an interview in 1999 to director Kevin MacDonald for the documentary One Day in September,[35] and is believed to still be alive.

Other actions

Along with direct assassinations, the Mossad used a variety of other means to respond to the Munich massacre and deter future terrorist actions. Victor Ostrovsky says that this included psychological warfare, such as running obituaries of still living militants and sending highly detailed personal information to others.[36] Reeve further states that the Mossad would call junior Palestinian officials, and after divulging to them their personal information, would warn them to disassociate from any Palestinian cause.[37] More directly, the Mossad engaged in a campaign of letter bombs against Palestinian officials across Europe.[36] Historian Benny Morris writes that these attacks caused non-fatal injuries to their targets, which included persons in Algeria and Libya, Palestinian student activists in Bonn and Copenhagen, and a Red Crescent official in Stockholm.[9] Klein also cites an incident in Cairo where a bomb malfunctioned, sparing the two Palestinian targets.[38]

Other assassinations

Several assassinations or assassination attempts have been attributed to the Wrath of God campaign, although doubt exists as to whether the Mossad was behind them. The first such assassination occurred on July 27, 1979, when the head of PLO military operations, Zuheir Mohsen, was gunned down in Cannes, France, just after leaving a casino. Responsibility for the attack has been placed by various sources on the Mossad, other Palestinians, and possibly Egypt.[39] Abu Daoud, a Black September commander who openly claims to have helped plan the Munich attack, was shot several times on July 27, 1981 by a gunman in a Warsaw hotel lobby. He has stated that the Mossad was behind the attempt, but it is unclear whether it was the Mossad or another breakaway Palestinian faction.[40] [41]On June 8 1992 the PLO head of intelligence, Atef Bseiso, was shot and killed in Paris by two gunmen with silencers. While the PLO and a recent book by Israeli author Aaron Klein blame the Mossad for the killing, other reports indicate that the Abu Nidal Organization was behind it.[42]

Reactions

Black September response

Black September never succeeded in carrying out another operation of the magnitude of the Munich massacre after Operation Wrath of God, although it did attempt and carry out a number of attacks and hostage takings against Israel.

Similar to the Mossad’s letter bomb campaign, dozens of letter bombs were sent from Amsterdam to Israeli diplomatic posts around the world in September and October of 1972, killing Israeli Agricultural Counselor Ami Shachori in Britain.[43]

On December 28, 1972, four Black September terrorists took over the Israeli embassy in Bangkok, holding 12 hostages. Though their demands were not met, negotiations secured the release of all the hostages and the Black September terrorists were given safe passage to Cairo.

An attack was planned by Black September when it learned that Prime Minister Golda Meir would be in Rome to meet with Pope Paul VI in January 1973. Several shoulder-launched Strela 2 missiles were smuggled into Italy and positioned around Fiumicino Airport as Meir’s plane approached. The attack was foiled at the last minute by Mossad agents at the airport, who succeeded in stopping all of the missile teams before the plane arrived.[44]

Beyond this, two Israelis suspected of being intelligence agents were shot and killed, as well as an Israeli official in Washington. Baruch Cohen, a Mossad agent in Madrid, was killed on January 23, 1973 by a young Palestinian contact.[23] Vittorio Olivares, an Italian El Al employee suspected by Black September, was shot and killed in Rome in April 1973.[45] A third man, Col. Yosef Alon, who was the Israeli military attaché to the U.S., was assassinated on July 1, 1973 in Chevy Chase, Maryland.[46][47]

Black September conducted several other attacks only indirectly against Israel, including the seizure of Western diplomats in the Saudi embassy in Khartoum but the group was officially dissolved by al-Fatah in December 1974.

Arab reaction

While the first wave of assassinations from October 1972 to early 1973 caused greater consternation among Palestinian officials, it was Operation Spring of Youth in April 1973 that truly shocked the Arab world.[48] The audacity of the mission, plus the fact that senior leaders such as Yasser Arafat, Abu Iyad, and Ali Hassan Salameh were only yards away from the fighting, contributed to the creation of the belief that Israel was capable of striking anywhere, anytime.[49] It also brought about popular mourning. At the funerals for the victims of the raid, half a million people came into the streets of Beirut.[49] Nearly six years later, 100,000 people, including Arafat, turned out in the same city to bury Salameh.[50]

The operation also caused some of the less radical Arab governments to begin putting pressure on Palestinians to stop attacks against Israeli targets. Threatening to pull support for the Palestinians if they used their governments’ passports during the course of attacks against Israel, some militants began to instead use forged Israeli documents.

Criticism

Possible wrong targets

Since the knowledge of the assassinations has become known, Israel has faced accusations that it targeted people that were not involved in the Munich massacre or in terrorism at all.

In the 2005 book Striking Back, author Aaron Klein (who says he based his book in large part on rare interviews with key Mossad officers involved in the reprisal missions) contends that the Mossad got only one man directly connected to the massacre. The man, Atef Bseiso, was shot in Paris as late as 1992. Klein goes on to say that the intelligence on Zwaiter, the first Palestinian to die, was “uncorroborated and improperly cross-referenced. Looking back, his assassination was a mistake.” He argues that the real planners and executors of Munich had gone into hiding along with bodyguards in Eastern bloc and Arab countries, where Israel could not reach them. Klein asserts that only minor Palestinian activists who happened to be wandering unprotected around Western Europe were killed. “Israeli security officials claimed these dead men were responsible for Munich; PLO pronouncements made them out to be important figures; and so the image of the Mossad as capable of delivering death at will grew and grew.” The operation functioned not just to punish the perpetrators of Munich but also to disrupt and deter future terrorist acts, writes Klein. “For the second goal, one dead PLO operative was as good as another.” Klein quotes a senior intelligence source: “Our blood was boiling. When there was information implicating someone, we didn’t inspect it with a magnifying glass.”[34]

Abu Daoud, one of the main planners of the Munich massacre, has said in interviews before the release of the movie Munich that Israel did not assassinate people in the operation’s group responsible for conducting the Munich attack. He supports this by saying that “I returned to Ramallah in 1995, and Israel knew that I was the planner of the Munich operation.”[51] The leader of Black September, Abu Iyad, was also not killed by Israel, although he was assassinated in 1991 in Tunis by the Abu Nidal Organization.[52] Former Mossad chief Zvi Zamir has countered this in an interview in 2006, when he said that Israel was more interested in striking the “infrastructure of the terrorist organizations in Europe” than those directly responsible for Munich. “We had no choice but to start with preventive measures.”[53]

Moral objections

Other criticism has been directed at the tactic of assassination itself. As the campaign continued, relatives of the athletes killed at Munich were informed of the latest Mossad killings. Simon Reeve writes that some felt vindicated, while others, including the wife of fencer Andre Spitzer, felt ambivalent.[54] The wife of assassinated Mossad agent Baruch Cohen has called the operation, especially a side operation directed against those who had murdered her husband, sickening.[54]

Effect on terrorism

Still others have questioned the effectiveness of the operation in meeting its goals. According to Ronen Bergman (security correspondent for the Israeli newspaper Yediot Ahronoth and expert on Mossad): “This campaign stopped most PLO terrorism outside the borders of Israel. Did it help in any way to bring peace to the Middle East? No. Strategically it was a complete failure.”[13]

Former katsa Victor Ostrovsky has said that the direction Meir set the Mossad on—focusing heavily on the people and operations of the PLO—took energy away from intelligence gathering on Israel’s neighbors.[55] This led the Mossad to miss the clear warning signs of the 1973 Yom Kippur War, which caught Israeli defenses by surprise.

Vengeance Historical Ficiction?

The 1984 book engeance: The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist Team, by Canadian journalist George Jonas,[56] tells the story of an Israeli assassination squad from the viewpoint of a self-described former Mossad agent and leader of the squad, Avner. Avner has since been revealed as a pseudonym for Yuval Aviv, an Israeli who now runs a private investigation agency in New York. However, Aviv’s account of the operation has not been independently verified beyond the fact checking Jonas says he has done.[57] Jonas points to a former Director General of the RCMP Security Service, John Starnes, who he says believes Aviv’s essential story.[57] In spite of this, the Mossad director at the time of the operation, Zvi Zamir, has stated that he never knew Aviv.[58] Several former Mossad officers who took part in Operation Wrath of God have also told British journalists that Yuval Aviv’s version of events is not accurate.[59] After its 1984 publication the book was listed on the fiction and non-fiction bestseller lists in Britain.[57]

Since its release two films have been based on Vengeance. In 1986, Michael Anderson directed the HBO film Sword of Gideon. Steven Spielberg released a second movie based on the account in 2005 entitled Munich, which was nominated for five Academy Awards. Both movies use Yuval Aviv’s pseudonym Avner and take a certain amount of artistic license with his account.


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President Trump made a tweet about General Motors, and the reply by GM is rather awesome.


On 3rd January 2017 at 3:30 PM US Time President Trump made a tweet. In the tweet President Trump said, “General Motor either start making its Chevy Cars in the USA or otherwise get ready to pay the heavy Taxes.”

According to President Trump General Motor is manufacturing the cars in Mexico which is right at the border of The United States of America, and then importing them to the USA and selling them without any import Duty.

So, Trump warned GM for manufacture the cars in USA only.

But the reply that came from General Motors was rather amazing.

According to General Motors they are manufacturing these cars in Ohio (A city in USA) only.

So Mr. Trump that was your Rahul Gandhi moment. Please brace yourself. You are the president of the country and you don’t even know where the cars are being manufactured? And when your don’t have the complete knowledge then why are you tweeting with half knowledge?


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Why Terrorist don’t Kidnap Russians? Check the amazing reason.


It was 1986. The most dangerous Militant Organization of that time ‘Hezbollah’ kidnapped some of the Russian diplomats. But after that incident with Russians they along with any other terror organization never tried Kidnapping Russians.

These days Hezbollah is the number one threat to Jews of Israel. They have been attacking and planning to attack Israel day in and day out.

So, what happened back then?

Well it was the last day of September Russians were engulfed with a war in Lybia’s capital Tripoli. Lybia was a Muslim country and Hezbollah terrorists couldn’t see Russians killing Muslims.

So, in order to save Lybia from Russians Hezbollah terrorists kidnapped 4 diplomats of Russia in West Beirut.

Hezbollah terrorists wrote a letter to Russia and demanded to stop attacking Tripoli. But Russians did not pay attention to them and continued attacking Lybia.

Hezbollah did not expect this from Moscow so that irked them a lot. In order to teach Russians a lesson the terrorists killed one of the Russian diplomat and sent the warning to Moscow that other will follow soon if they didn’t stop killing Muslims.

But Russia being Russia. Two days after the killing of first Russian diplomat Hezbollah terrorist received a parcel. In the parcel there were chopped body parts of Hezbollah chief and along with that there was a letter saying “We have his other family members as well. If you won’t leave our diplomats then you will receive them also in parcels.”

The remaining three diplomats were freed the very same day.


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daily-o

The decline of Afghanistan’s Hindu and Sikh communities


“I am an Afghan first… But if our life is under threat, if our families are faced with risks, we have to leave.”

Historically, Hinduism thrived in Afghanistan, particularly in Pashtun areas. However, since the 1970s, the population of Hindus has steadily fallen [Ivan Flores/Al Jazeera

Kabul, Afghanistan – Hidden in plain sight, on a poorly lit busy road, the exteriors of the Asmayee temple are deceiving – a plain, old building that could easily be confused for any other building in Kabul.

In contrast, the mosque next door stands out with its beautiful, intricate architecture. The call for evening prayers from the mosque intertwines with the sounds of the Hindu chants resonating from within the halls of the temple.

Several finely dressed, middle-aged women, move in and out of the many rooms of the vast temple complex, offering prayers and lighting candles. There are seven rooms built in a circle that serve as the temple for the various Hindu goddesses and gods, and one expansive hall, colourfully decorated and covered in Persian carpets, that serves as the community prayer room.

The women celebrate separately from the men. There is also a separate dining hall and community kitchen for the men and women who come to the temple.

Ramnath, 25, explains that “this is because the culture among Afghan Hindus is predominantly Pashtun”.

Over the years, Hinduism in Afghanistan survived and thrived in Pashtun-dominant provinces, resulting in a confluence of cultures that combines practices and rituals of the region.

“If you go up the hill, there is another small temple of the Sherawali,” says Ramnath, referring to the Hindu goddess Durga by one of her many names.

“It was said that years ago, a white river of milk flowed down from the foot of the statue of the goddess to Kabul. This is how this place got its name joy-e-sheer, which translates to ‘stream of milk’ from Dari,” Ramnath tells as the men gather quietly in one of the rooms over a cup of tea.

Ramnath, like many Afghans, only uses one name.

“Of course, those are reminiscent tales of the past. Who can tell how much of that legend is true?” he adds.

A history of diversity and repression

Afghanistan’s history is full of such anecdotes and lore about a substantial thriving community of Hindus and Sikhs who have called this country their home over the centuries.

“There is a place in Jalalabad where it is believed Guru Nanak visited in the 15th century and is very sacred to the Sikhs in Afghanistan,” says Rawail Singh, an Afghan Sikh civil rights activist, adding that Jalalabad, to the east of Kabul, continues to have a substantial Sikh population.

But, sociologists note, the population of Hindu and Sikh minorities has seen a drastic decline over the past several decades.

“If you go through the evidence and data from the 1970s to date, you will be able to see how drastically their population has fallen,” says Ehsan Shayegan, an Afghan researcher with Porsesh Research and Studies Organization studying the minority religions of Kabul.

“In the 70s, there were around 700,000 Hindus and Sikhs, and now they are estimated to be less than 7,000,” Shayegan says.

Although there is no census data available in the country to estimate exact numbers due to years of war and conflict, the community members themselves speculate that there are perhaps no more than a few thousand Hindus and Sikhs left in Afghanistan today.

“It is estimated that Hindus and Sikhs make up around 3,000 Afghans scattered across provinces of Kabul, Nangarhar and Ghazni,” says Singh. “In 1992, they were a 220,000-strong community, just before the start of the civil war in Kabul. It was also around the same time that our problems started,” he says.

According to Singh, during the years of Mujahideen rule and the civil war in the early 90s, after the fall of the Soviet-backed government, were the worst for Afghan religious minorities.

“We were harassed, our lands were forcefully taken, we were persecuted and even killed for even slightest display of our faith. Kidnappings of Hindus and Sikhs were rampant,” he recalls.

Many Hindus and Sikhs who spoke to Al Jazeera agreed that in comparison, the Taliban regime that followed, although extremely conservative and discriminatory, offered a relief from the repression of the Mujahideen.

“Under the Taliban, we were often required to identify ourselves in public by wearing a yellow armband, but were largely left alone,” Singh explains.

Biharilal, who like many Afghans only goes by one name, prepares offerings to the gods inside Asyamee, a Hindu temple in Kabul Afghanistan [Ivan Flores/Al Jazeera]

Religious persecution

After the United States invasion in 2001, many Hindus and Sikhs who had fled the country in the last decade retuned, including Singh and Ramnath, who had briefly moved to India and Pakistan with their families.

“The first few years of the Karzai regime were very prosperous,” shares Amarnath, Ramnath’s older brother, in Pashto, one of Afghanistan’s national languages.

However, things quickly started to deteriorate as Mujahideen groups returned after President Hamid Karzai came to power and gained positions in government and ruling structures.

“Persecution started again, and several big and small warlords forcefully took away lands belonging to the Hindu and Sikh minorities,” Singh says.

Threatened and afraid for their lives, many have felt compelled to leave again. “There were around 100 families in Khost, but they’ve all left because of the conflict and moved either to India, or are in Kabul,” says Ramnath. He moved his family from Khost, a city also in the east of the country, to Delhi in 2009, but he continues to work in Kabul.

“There are no Hindus in Khost today,” he says.

Despite the continued violence in the country, religious persecution remains the strongest motivator for Afghan Hindus leaving the country.

At the Hindu temple, people say the temple hasn’t faced any direct threat so far. “We have been left to practise our faith in peace,” one man says.

“If we don’t hurt anyone, why would anyone want to hurt us?” Ramnath adds.

“The security of the country is deteriorating for all – whether they are Hindu or Muslim. When you leave the house in the mornings, you can’t guarantee you’ll return alive in the evening,” he says.

On December 29, 2016, an Afghan Sikh Nirmohan Singh, fondly known as Lala Dilsoz, was killed by armed gunmen in Kunduz. The city has has seen repeated bouts of heavy fighting where the Taliban has made attempts to capture the city. An outcry from the Hindu and Sikh communities and other Afghans followed the murder, with some community leaders reportedly appealing to the Indian Prime Minster Narendra Modi to “rescue the remaining Afghan Hindus and Sikhs” by providing them asylum in India.

The emigration figures are serious, with Afghanistan producing significant numbers of refugees – second only to Syria, according to a UNHCR report. The Taliban has gained more ground than the last 15 years and even the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group (ISIL, also known as ISIS) has dug roots in parts of the country.

However, despite Ramnath’s reluctance to admit this, Hindus in Afghanistan are leaving because of religious discrimination and social exclusion, insists Shayegan. Incidents of systematic and institutional discrimination have even made local headlines, although many more go unreported, he says.

Singh agrees. “There is only so much a community can tolerate. We can’t practise our faith openly; our children can’t go to school because of harassment; we can’t even cremate our dead without being stoned by the public,” he says, referring to the 2012 incident when civilians and security forces prevented them from performing funeral rites at their ancient cremation grounds, parts of which had been taken over by armed locals.

Women gather for a shared meal that is usually held to feed the under privileged but it is also an occasion for the congregation to gather after worship at the Hindu temple in Kabul [Ivan Flores/Al Jazeera]

Institutionalised discrimination

With years of war and internal conflict, the minorities in Afghanistan have fallen through cracks, where even the international and local civil organisations often fail to notice and recognise the plight of the Afghan Hindus and Sikhs.

Kamal Sadat, Afghanistan’s minister of culture and information, agrees that the treatment of the minority groups hasn’t been fair, but says the government is taking necessary steps to address the matter.

“It is indeed tragic how our Hindu and Sikh brothers have been treated over the years. They’re an integral part of our history and community, and we are working to improve their conditions,” he told Al Jazeera, adding that the government was looking into all allegations of land grabbing made by Sikhs and Hindus.

The problem, however, lies in the inadequate systems and institutions that were brought in place post-2001, according to Shayegan.

“Our new constitution was drafted to imitate some of the best model constitutions of the world, but they are still inadequate when it comes to supporting a pluralistic system of democracy,” he says. He notes, for example, the example of Article 62 that prohibits non-Muslim Afghans from becoming president of the country.

“The constitution guarantees equal rights to all Afghan citizens in Article 22 and then contradicts itself in Article 62 by excluding a section of the population,” Shayegan points out.

Furthermore, courts that operate on laws emulating Islamic religious law are sometimes unsuited to the needs of the religious minority populations. “When we go the courts, at times they ask us if we are even really Afghan. Can’t a non-Muslim be an Afghan?” he asks.

Despite the discrimination, Afghan Hindus and Sikh strongly identify with their national identity.

“Of course, I am an Afghan first,” Ramnath answers fiercely when asked about his Afghan identity. “This is our land, the land of our ancestors. We owe our loyalty to the soil of Afghanistan – we are Afghans,” he says.

“But if our life is under threat, if our families are faced with risks, we have to leave,” he adds with some sadness.

At the Hindu temple, the men huddle together in rooms for a shared meal of delicacies of sweet rice made with raisins, sweets, and dried fruits. In the evening, they sit around in a candle-lit courtyard talking and speculating over the future of Afghanistan, a country they love dearly.

“As of now, I would not want my children in Delhi to return to this life in Kabul,” says one of the older men. “Maybe if the situation changes and things get better, they might come back to better Afghanistan,” he says.

“God willing,” everyone replies.

Source: Al Jazeera


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daily-o

SHOCKING: Santa Claus chanted Alla-Hu-Akbar and killed many in the night club.


Some 39 people, including 15 foreigners, were killed and 69 injured when at least one gunman reportedly dressed as Santa claus opened fire along with shouting Allah Hu Aqbar in an Istanbul reina night club. The manhunt for one terror suspect is underway.

Turkey’s interior minister, Suleyman Soylu, told Turkish media on Sunday morning that 21 victims have been identified so far, of whom 15 were foreign nationals and five Turkish citizens.

This is the second major terror in Turkey in a span of few days. Some days back the Russian Ambassador got killed in the Terror attack in which the Gunman chanted Alla-Hu-Akbar and killed him.


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